Nicotine impairs histamine-induced increases in macromolecular efflux: Role of oxygen radicals

William G. Mayhan, Glenda M. Sharpe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Nicotine, a major component of cigarettes and smokeless tobacco, has toxic effects on endothelium and impairs reactivity of resistance arterioles in response to agonists that stimulate the synthesis and/or release of nitric oxide. However, the effect of nicotine on nitric oxide synthase-dependent increases in macromolecular transport is not known. Thus our first goal was to determine the effect of nicotine on histamine-induced increases in macromolecular efflux. We used intravital microscopy and FITC dextran (mol wt 70,000) (FITC-dextran-70K) to examine macromolecular extravasation from postcapillary venules in response to histamine before and after intravenous infusion of vehicle or nicotine. Extravasation of macromolecules was quantitated by counting venular leaky sites and calculating clearance (ml/s x 10-6) of FITC-dextran-70K. Histamine elicited reproducible increases in venular leaky sites and clearance in hamsters infused with vehicle. In contrast, nicotine infusion inhibited histamine-induced increases in macromolecular efflux. Histamine (1.0 and 5.0 μM) elicited 19 ± 2 and 34 ± 4 vs. 3 ± 1 and 11 ± 5 leaky sites per 0.11 cm2, before vs. after nicotine infusion, respectively (P < 0.05). Histamine-induced clearance of FITC- dextran-70K was also impaired after infusion of nicotine. Our second goal was to examine whether alterations in histamine-induced increases in macromolecular efflux by nicotine may be related to the production of oxygen radicals. Application of superoxide dismutase (150 U/ml) to the hamster cheek pouch restored histamine-induced increases in venular leaky sites and clearance of FITC-dextran-70K during infusion of nicotine. Thus nicotine alters agonist-induced increases in microvascular permeability, via the formation of oxygen radicals, to presumably inactivate nitric oxide.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1589-1595
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Applied Physiology
Volume84
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1998

Keywords

  • Fluorescein isothiocyanate-dextran
  • Hamsters
  • Nitric oxide
  • Superoxide dismutase
  • Vascular permeability
  • Venules

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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