Background: We aim to compare outcomes between loop ileostomy (LI) and total abdominal colectomy (TAC) for clostridium difficile infection (CDI) and hypothesize that LI is associated with fewer complications. Methods: The 2011–2016 ACS-NSQIP database was queried for patients undergoing LI or TAC for CDI. Patients with high outlying age, LOS, and operative time were excluded. Statistics were performed using IBM-SPSS and NCSS PASS-11. Results: Of 457 patients identified, 47 underwent LI. Predicted morbidity was higher in the TAC cohort (62% vs. 37%, p < 0.001). Patients in the LI cohort experienced fewer complications (72% vs. 87%, p = 0.021); however, mortality did not differ between LI (36%) and TAC (31%). Blood transfusions were more than twice as frequent in the TAC cohort (54% vs. 19%, p < 0.001). Four patients in the LI cohort required reoperation; however, none required colectomy. Conclusions: No mortality difference was observed between LI and TAC. Prospective studies are required to determine the utility of LI. An analysis of the ACS-NSQIP database was performed and demonstrates that no survival benefit exists for patients who undergo loop ileostomy for C difficile infection compared to those who undergo total colectomy; however, patients who undergo loop ileostomy are likely to retain their colon with low risk of requiring subsequent colectomy.
- Clostridium difficile infection
- Loop ileostomy
ASJC Scopus subject areas