Noncompetitive peak decay analysis of drug-protein dissociation by high-performance affinity chromatography

Jianzhong Chen, John E. Schiel, David S. Hage

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

The peak decay method is an affinity chromatographic technique that has been used to examine the dissociation of solutes from immobilized ligands in the presence of excess displacing agent. However, it can be difficult to find a displacing agent that does not interfere with detection of the eluting analyte. In this study, a noncompetitive peak decay method was developed in which no displacing agent was required for analyte elution. This method was evaluated for the study of drug-protein interactions by using it along with high-performance affinity chromatography to measure the dissociation rate constants for R- and S-warfarin from columns containing immobilized HSA. Several factors were considered in the optimization of this method, including the amount of applied analyte, the column size, and the flow rate. The dissociation rate constants for R- and S-warfarin from HSA were measured at several temperatures by this approach, giving values of 0.56 (±0.01) and 0.66 (±0.01) s-1 at pH 7.4 and 37°C. These results were in good agreement with previous values obtained by other methods. This approach is not limited to warfarin and HSA but could be employed in studying additional drug-protein interactions or other systems with weak-to-moderate binding.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1632-1641
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Separation Science
Volume32
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 2009

Keywords

  • Dissociation rate
  • Drug-protein interactions
  • High-performance affinity chromatography
  • Human serum albumin
  • Kinetics
  • Peak decay analysis
  • Warfarin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Filtration and Separation

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