Nonequilibrium thermodynamics in engineering and science

Yaşar Demirel, Stanley I. Sandler

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

97 Scopus citations


The field of nonequilibrium thermodynamics has been a popular one outside the United States, especially in Europe, and scientists there from various disciplines have published extensively on the use of nonequilibrium thermodynamics in a large variety of biological, chemical, and mechanical engineering applications. In contrast, the number of publications from North America has been relatively modest. Here, we review the field of nonequilibrium thermodynamics to assess its utility and impact in engineering and science. We find that developments in the fields thermodynamic optimality of processes, dissipative structures, coupled transport and rate processes, and biological systems suggest that in some circumstances nonequilibrium thermodynamics can be quite useful.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)31-43
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry B
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 8 2004
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry


Dive into the research topics of 'Nonequilibrium thermodynamics in engineering and science'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this