Nonsurgical management of posterior tibial tendon dysfunction with orthoses and resistive exercise: A randomized controlled trial

Kornelia Kulig, Stephen F. Reischl, Amy B. Pomrantz, Judith M. Burnfield, Susan Mais-Requejo, David B. Thordarson, Ronald W. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

65 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and Purpose. Tibialis posterior tendinopathy can lead to debilitating dysfunction. This study examined the effectiveness of orthoses and resistance exercise in the early management of tibialis posterior tendinopathy. Subjects. Thirty-six adults with stage I or II tibialis posterior tendinopathy participated in this study. Methods. Participants were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 groups to complete a 12-week program of: (1) orthoses wear and stretching (O group); (2) orthoses wear, stretching, and concentric progressive resistive exercise (OC group); or (3) orthoses wear, stretching, and eccentric progressive resistive exercise (OE group). Pre-intervention and post-intervention data (Foot Functional Index, distance traveled in the 5-Minute Walk Test, and pain immediately after the 5-Minute Walk Test) were collected. Results. Foot Functional Index scores (total, pain, and disability) decreased in all groups after the intervention. The OE group demonstrated the most improvement in each subcategory, and the O group demonstrated the least improvement. Pain immediately after the 5-Minute Walk Test was significantly reduced across all groups after the intervention. Discussion and Conclusion. People with early stages of tibialis posterior tendinopathy benefited from a program of orthoses wear and stretching. Eccentric and concentric progressive resistive exercises further reduced pain and improved perceptions of function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)26-37
Number of pages12
JournalPhysical therapy
Volume89
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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