Earlier studies demonstrated that perfluorobutane gas microbubble carrier (PGMC) adheres to injured arteries and enhances the drug uptake specifically into the cells of the denuded vessel segment. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of PGMC-based systemic delivery of Rapamycin on expression of p27 in vascular tissue and restenosis in porcine coronary arteries after stent implantation. Eight pigs underwent coronary stent implantation (three stents per animal). Five pigs were treated with i.v. injection of PGMC with 2 mg of Rapamycin and three animals served as control. Four hours postprocedure, three pigs were sacrificed and stented segments were analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and Western blot. In chronic experiments, five pigs (15 stent sites) were sacrificed at 28 days following intervention and vessels were perfusion-fixed. HPLC of the treated arteries demonstrated high drug concentration in the vessel tissue, and Western blot analysis showed elevated expression of p27 at 4 hr postprocedure. Histomorphometry revealed significantly reduced (by 40%) neointimal formation in the PGMC/Rapamycin group compared with controls (1.84 ± 0.84 vs. 4.77 ± 1.71 mm2, respectively; P < 0.001). In the porcine coronary model, site-specific systemic delivery of Rapamycin utilizing PGMC resulted in overexpression of p27 and a significant reduction of neointimal formation within the stented segments.
- Site-specific drug delivery
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine