Novel variants in CDH2 are associated with a new syndrome including Peters anomaly

Linda M. Reis, Nathalie S. Houssin, Carlos Zamora, Omar Abdul-Rahman, Jennifer M. Kalish, Elaine H. Zackai, Timothy F. Plageman, Elena V. Semina

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Peters anomaly (PA) is a congenital corneal opacity associated with corneo-lenticular attachments. PA can be isolated or part of a syndrome with most cases remaining genetically unsolved. Exome sequencing of a trio with syndromic PA and 145 additional unexplained probands with developmental ocular conditions identified a de novo splicing and three novel missense heterozygous CDH2 variants affecting the extracellular cadherin domains in four individuals with PA. Syndromic anomalies were seen in three individuals and included left-sided cardiac lesions, dysmorphic facial features, and decreasing height percentiles; brain magnetic resonance imaging identified agenesis of the corpus callosum and hypoplasia of the inferior cerebellar vermis. CDH2 encodes for N-cadherin, a transmembrane protein that mediates cell-cell adhesion in multiple tissues. Immunostaining in mouse embryonic eyes confirmed N-cadherin is present in the lens stalk at the time of separation from the future cornea and in the developing lens and corneal endothelium at later stages, supporting a possible role in PA. Previous studies in animal models have noted the importance of Cdh2/cdh2 in the development of the eye, heart, brain, and skeletal structures, also consistent with the patient features presented here. Examination of CDH2 in additional patients with PA is indicated to confirm this association.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)502-508
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Genetics
Volume97
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2020

Keywords

  • CDH2
  • N-cadherin
  • Peters anomaly
  • Peters plus syndrome
  • agenesis corpus callosum
  • left-sided cardiac lesion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

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    Reis, L. M., Houssin, N. S., Zamora, C., Abdul-Rahman, O., Kalish, J. M., Zackai, E. H., Plageman, T. F., & Semina, E. V. (2020). Novel variants in CDH2 are associated with a new syndrome including Peters anomaly. Clinical Genetics, 97(3), 502-508. https://doi.org/10.1111/cge.13660