Nurse-led heart failure educational interventions for patient and informal caregiver dyads: An integrative review

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Heart failure is a major health problem with significant economic burden in the United States. Educating heart failure dyads (heart failure patient and informal caregiver) is a relatively new domain and is being proposed by providers, policy makers, and third-party payors. Nurse-led dyad education can improve quality of life and reduce hospital admissions in the heart failure population. Objectives: This integrative literature review focused on evaluating design, delivery content, and outcomes of nurse-led dyadic educational interventions. Methods: PubMed, CINAHL, Cochrane, and Google Scholar databases (1999 -2022) were searched for quantitative and qualitative studies that included these search terms: heart failure, dyads, nonmedical caregivers, caregivers, randomized controlled trials, nurse-led education, education. Results: The search yielded 92 articles. The results included seven randomized controlled trials and one pilot study conducted from 2005 to 2017. Sample sizes ranged from 20 to 155 dyads. Dyads who received education interventions had positive outcomes. Face-to-face coaching provided stronger outcomes. Interventions varied in length from baseline to three months, with post-intervention follow-ups from one to 12 months. Conclusions: A paucity of studies of nurse-led heart failure dyadic educational interventions have been reported in the literature. To advance the science and decrease heart failure readmissions, greater efforts to study and incorporate education and support for heart failure dyads is needed, along with assessment of both patient and caregiver outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)44-51
Number of pages8
JournalHeart and Lung
StatePublished - May 1 2023


  • Caregivers
  • Dyads
  • Education
  • Heart failure
  • Nonmedical caregivers
  • Nurse-led education
  • Randomized controlled trials

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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