Nursing-led Home Visits Post-hospitalization for Children with Medical Complexity

Sarah Wells, Margaret O'Neill, Jayne Rogers, Kevin Blaine, Amy Hoffman, Sarah McBride, Meghan M. Tschudy, Igor Shumskiy, Sangeeta Mauskar, Jay G. Berry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose Hospital discharge for children with medical complexity (CMC) can be challenging for families. Home visits could potentially benefit CMC and their families after leaving the hospital. We assessed the utility of post-discharge home visits to identify and address health problems for recently hospitalized CMC. Design and Methods A prospective study of 36 CMC admitted to a children's hospital from 4/15/2015 to 4/14/2016 identified with a possible high risk of hospital readmission and offered a post-discharge home visit within 72 h of discharge. The visit was staffed by a hospital nurse familiar with the child's admission. The home visit goals were to reinforce education of the discharge plan, assess the child's home environment, and identify and address any problems or issues that emerged post-discharge. Results The children's median age was 6 years [interquartile range (IQR) 2–18]. The median distance from hospital to their home was 38 miles (IQR 8–78). All (n = 36) children had multiple chronic conditions; 89% (n = 32) were assisted with medical technology. The nurse identified and helped with a post-discharge problem during every (n = 36) visit. Of the 147 problems identified, 26.5% (n = 39) pertained to social/family issues (e.g., financial instability), 23.8% (n = 35) medications (e.g., wrong dose), 20.4% (n = 30) durable medical equipment (e.g., insufficient supply or faulty function), 20.4% (n = 30) child's home environment (e.g., unsafe sleeping arrangement), and 8.8% (n = 13) child's health (e.g., unresolved health problem). Conclusions Home visits helped identify and address post-discharge issues that occurred for discharged CMC. Practical Implications Hospitals should consider home visits when optimizing discharge care for CMC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)10-16
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of pediatric nursing
Volume34
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2017

Keywords

  • Children with medical complexity
  • Home visits
  • Hospital discharge
  • Post-discharge care
  • Transitions of care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics

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    Wells, S., O'Neill, M., Rogers, J., Blaine, K., Hoffman, A., McBride, S., Tschudy, M. M., Shumskiy, I., Mauskar, S., & Berry, J. G. (2017). Nursing-led Home Visits Post-hospitalization for Children with Medical Complexity. Journal of pediatric nursing, 34, 10-16. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pedn.2017.03.003