Nutrition Support of Children with Chronic Liver Diseases: A Joint Position Paper of the North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition and the European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition

Marialena Mouzaki, Jiri Bronsky, Girish Gupte, Iva Hojsak, Jorg Jahnel, Nikhil Pai, Ruben E. Quiros-Tejeira, Renee Wieman, Shikha Sundaram

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Chronic liver disease places patients at increased risk of malnutrition that can be challenging to identify clinically and treat. Nutrition support is a key aspect of the management of these patients as it has an impact on their quality of life, morbidity, and mortality. There are significant gaps in the literature regarding the optimal nutrition support for patients with different types of liver diseases and the impact of these interventions on long-term outcomes. This Position Paper summarizes the available literature on the nutritional aspects of the care of patients with chronic liver diseases. Specifically, the challenges associated with the nutritional assessment of these subjects are discussed, and recently investigated approaches to determining the patients' nutritional status are reviewed. Furthermore, the pathophysiology of the malnutrition seen in the context of chronic liver disease is summarized and monitoring, as well as treatment, recommendations are provided. Lastly, suggestions for future research studies are described.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)498-511
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of pediatric gastroenterology and nutrition
Volume69
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2019

Keywords

  • cirrhosis
  • frailty
  • malnutrition
  • metabolic bone disease
  • nutrient deficiencies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Gastroenterology

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