Objectification of Sexual Minority Women: Responses, Consequences, and Resistance

Bonnie Moradi, Elliot A. Tebbe, Kathleen E. Connelly, Alexandra L. Lenzen, Mirella J. Flores

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


This study investigates responses to, consequences of, and resistance against objectification from the perspectives of sexual minority women in the United States. Data from 5 focus groups with 33 sexual minority women were analyzed using thematic analysis. Results revealed 13 themes and 49 subthemes. First, sexual minority women's responses to objectification included those described in prior research with heterosexual women, as well as novel responses not routinely assessed in prior research (e.g., critical examination), and the complex co-occurrence of responses (e.g., indignation and internalization). Second, participants identified deleterious consequences that were consistent with prior theory and research as well as consequences that reflected resilience and growth from working through objectification. Finally, participants articulated personal, relational, and identity-related forms of resistance against objectification. Sexual and gender identity processes were interwoven with resistance. These results highlight how centering sexual minority women's experiences can both corroborate and advance prior understanding of responses to and consequences of objectification.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of counseling psychology
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019


  • Dehumanization
  • Intersectionality
  • Sexualization
  • Thematic analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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