Occurrence of steroid hormones and antibiotics in groundwater impacted by livestock waste control facilities

Shannon Bartelt-Hunt, Daniel D. Snow, Teyona Damon-Powell

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Wastewater impoundments at livestock facilties represent a potential source of veterinary pharmaceuticals and steroid hormone contamination to shallow groundwater. This study investigates the occurrence of seventeen veterinary pharmaceuticals and thirteen steroid hormones and hormone metabolites in lagoons and adjacent groundwater at operating swine and beef cattle facilties. Pharmaceutical compounds detected in samples obtained from cattle facilities include sulfamerazine; sulfamethazine; erythromycin; monensin; tiamulin; and sulfathiazole. Lincomycin; ractopamine; sulfamethazine; sulfathiazole; erythromycin; tiamulin and sulfadimethoxine were detected in samples from swine facilities. Steroid hormones were detected less frequently than veterinary pharmaceuticals in this study. Estrone, testosterone, 4-androstenedione, and androsterone were detected in impoundments at concentrations ranging from 0.04 to 3.6 ppb. Estrone and testosterone were infrequently detected in groundwater samples at concentrations up to 0.50 ppb. These data indicate that groundwater underlying livestock facilities is susceptible to contamination by veterinary pharmaceuticals and steroid hormones originating in wastewater lagoons.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationWorld Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2010
Subtitle of host publicationChallenges of Change - Proceedings of the World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2010
Pages1052-1061
Number of pages10
DOIs
StatePublished - 2010
EventWorld Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2010: Challenges of Change - Providence, RI, United States
Duration: May 16 2010May 20 2010

Publication series

NameWorld Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2010: Challenges of Change - Proceedings of the World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2010

Conference

ConferenceWorld Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2010: Challenges of Change
CountryUnited States
CityProvidence, RI
Period5/16/105/20/10

Keywords

  • Animals
  • Groundwater pollution
  • Waste management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Water Science and Technology

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    Bartelt-Hunt, S., Snow, D. D., & Damon-Powell, T. (2010). Occurrence of steroid hormones and antibiotics in groundwater impacted by livestock waste control facilities. In World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2010: Challenges of Change - Proceedings of the World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2010 (pp. 1052-1061). (World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2010: Challenges of Change - Proceedings of the World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2010). https://doi.org/10.1061/41114(371)115