Optical determination of shallow carrier profiles using Fourier transform infrared ellipsometry

Thomas E. Tiwald, Daniel W. Thompson, John A. Woollam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations


Dopant profiles were determined by ex situ Fourier transform infrared variable-angle spectroscopic ellipsometry. The technique exploits carrier absorption in the mid-infrared spectral range and combines the sensitivity of ellipsometry with a simple Drude free carrier absorption model to determine the carrier profile. The noncontact, nondestructive nature of the measurement suggests both ex situ and in situ monitoring and control applications. In this study, the carrier profiles were modeled as graded multilayers that can be constrained to a given functional form (Gaussian, erfc, etc.) when desired. Boron and arsenic implanted silicon wafers that were rapid thermal anneal and furnace annealed were measured and compared to spreading resistance probe data.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)312-315
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Vacuum Science and Technology B: Microelectronics and Nanometer Structures
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Optical determination of shallow carrier profiles using Fourier transform infrared ellipsometry'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this