Optical phonons and free-carrier effects in MOVPE grown Al xGa1-xN measured by infrared ellipsometry

M. Schubert, A. Kasic, T. E. Tiwald, J. Off, B. Kuhn, Ferdinand Scholz

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2 Scopus citations


We report on the application of infrared spectroscopic ellipsometry (IR-SE) for wavenumbers from 333cm-1 to 1200cm-1 as a novel approach to non-destructive optical characterization of free-carrier and optical phonon properties of group III-nitride heterostructures. Undoped α-GaN, α-AIM, αAlxGa1-xN (x = 0.17, 0.28, 0.5), and n-type silicon (Si) doped α-GaN layers were grown by metalorganic vapor phase epitaxy (MOVPE) on c-plane sapphire (α-Al2O3). The four-parameter semiquantum (FPSQ) dielectric lattice-dispersion model and the Drude model for free-carrier response are employed for analysis of the IR-SE data. Model calculations for the ordinary (∈) and extraordinary (∈) dielectric functions of the heterostructure components provide sensitivity to IR-active phonon frequencies and free-carrier parameters. We observe that the α-AlxGa 1-x layers are unintentionally doped with a back ground free-carrier concentration of 1-4 1018cm-3. The ternary compounds reveal a two-mode behavior in ∈, whereas a one-mode behavior is sufficient to explain the optical response for ∈ . We further provide a precise set of model parameters for calculation of the sapphire infrared dielectric functions which are prerequisites for analysis of infrared spectra of III-nitride heterostructures grown on α-Al2O3.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalMRS Internet Journal of Nitride Semiconductor Research
StatePublished - 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

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