Purpose: This report will describe a case of orbital pseudotumor that is associated with underlying Crohn's disease in a pediatric patient. Observations: An 8-year-old male with a past medical history of chronic constipation who presented to the ophthalmologist in July 2017 with a 7-month history double vision, left upper lid ptosis, left abducens nerve palsy, and an abnormal thyroid test. The patient's family history was negative for any autoimmune disease including, juvenile idiopathic arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, thyroid disease, type 1 diabetes mellitus or inflammatory bowel disease. Diagnosis of orbital pseudotumor of the left eye was made based on CT scan findings and he was then treated with a one-week course of oral prednisone. After resolution of his initial symptoms, he presented a month later with swelling in his left eye and was treated with a 6-month steroid taper with resolution of symptoms. In June 2018, the patient presented with swelling in his right eye and was treated with prednisone plus steroid sparing agents. Extraocular muscle biopsy was negative for IgG4 related disease, fungal infection, or malignant lymphoma and workup for sarcoidosis and granulomatosis with polyangiitis was unremarkable. In September 2018, the patient presented with bloody stools, diagnosed and treated for a perirectal abscess. Subsequent colonoscopy performed in January 2019 confirmed Crohn's disease. He is currently undergoing treatment with adalimumab and is in remission in terms of orbital pseudotumor. Conclusion and Importance: In conclusion, although the association between orbital pseudotumor and Crohn's disease is very rare, medical professionals should remember this connection when a patient presents with idiopathic orbital pseudotumor. To rule out this possibility, we recommend a thorough history of GI findings should be taken on the initial patient encounter. Crohn's disease may be an underlying cause of certain cases of orbital pseudotumor, and treatment and control of the underlying Crohn's disease may help to reduce recurrence rates of orbital pseudotumor. Additional studies need to be performed to better understand the association between the two diseases.
- Crohn's disease
- Idiopathic orbital inflammation
- Inflammatory bowel disease
- Orbital pseudotumor
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