Organic dust, lipopolysaccharide, and peptidoglycan inhalant exposures result in bone loss/disease

Anand Dusad, Geoffrey Milton Thiele, Lynell Warren Klassen, Angela M. Gleason, Christopher Bauer, Ted R Mikuls, Michael J. Duryee, William W. West, Debra Romberger, Jill A Poole

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


Skeletal health consequences associated with chronic inflammatory respiratory disease, and particularly chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), contribute to overall disease morbidity. Agricultural environmental exposures induce significant airway diseases, including COPD. However, animal models to understand inhalant exposure- induced lung injury and bone disease have not been described. Using micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) imaging technology and histology, bone quantity and quality measurements were investigated in mice after repetitive intranasal inhalationexposures tocomplexorganic dust extracts (ODEs) from swine confinement facilities. Comparison experiments with LPS and peptidoglycan (PGN) alone were also performed. After 3weeks of repetitiveODEinhalation exposure, significant loss of bone mineral density and trabecular bone volume fraction was evident, with altered morphological microarchitecture changes in the trabecular bone, compared with saline-treated control animals. Torsional resistance was also significantly reduced. Compared with saline treatment, ODE-treated mice demonstrated decreased collagen and proteoglycan content in their articular cartilage, according to histopathology. Significant bone deteriorationwas also evident after repetitive intranasal inhalant treatment with LPS and PGN. These findings were not secondary to animal distress, and not entirely dependent on the degree of induced lung parenchymal inflammation. Repetitive LPS treatmentdemonstrated themostpronouncedchangesinboneparameters, and PGN treatment resulted in the greatest lung parenchymal inflammatory changes. Collectively, repetitive inhalation exposures to noninfectious inflammatory agents such as complex organic dust, LPS, and PGN resulted in bone loss. This animal model may contribute to efforts toward understanding themechanisms and evaluating the therapeutics associated with adverse skeletal health consequences after subchronic airway injury.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)829-836
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican journal of respiratory cell and molecular biology
Issue number5
StatePublished - Nov 2013


  • Bioaerosol
  • Bone
  • Imaging
  • Inflammation
  • Lung

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology


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