We report complete thermodynamic profiles for netropsin binding to an oligomeric and to several polymeric DNA host duplexes. These data allow us to reach the following conclusions: netropsin binding by deep penetration into the minor groove is overwhelmingly enthalpy driven and exhibits a very high binding affinity (K approximately 10(9) at 25 degrees C); deep penetration into the minor groove is required to form those drug-DNA interactions responsible for the enthalpy-driven high binding affinity of netropsin; I-C base pairs form binding sites for netropsin that thermodynamically are equivalent to those formed by A-T base pairs; the positive binding entropies reflect entropic contributions from molecular events other than just water spine disruption; the thermodynamic binding data primarily reflect local netropsin-DNA interactions rather than long-range binding-induced conformational changes at regions distant from the binding site; the enhanced binding affinity associated with deep penetration of netropsin into the minor groove does not result from more favorable electrostatic interactions; the binding of netropsin to the central AATT core of the decamer duplex [d(GCGAATTCGC)]2 is thermodynamically modeled best by netropsin binding to the poly[d(AT)].poly[d(AT)] duplex rather than the poly(dA).poly(dT) duplex. We propose correlations between our thermodynamic data and specific molecular interactions defined by NMR and x-ray structural studies on similar and identical drug-DNA complexes.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - Jul 1987|
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