Outcomes Among Patients With Left Ventricular Assist Devices Receiving Maintenance Outpatient Hemodialysis: A Case Series

Douglas D. Franz, Wael F. Hussein, Graham Abra, Charles D. Diskin, Vishal Duggal, Jeffrey J. Teuteberg, Tara I. Chang, Brigitte Schiller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Rationale & Objective: The incidence of left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation as destination therapy for heart failure is increasing and kidney failure requiring maintenance hemodialysis is a common complication. Because little is known about the safety or efficacy of outpatient hemodialysis among patients with LVADs, this study sought to describe their clinical course. Study Design: Case series of patients with an LVAD undergoing maintenance outpatient hemodialysis whose clinical data were obtained from an electronic medical record. Setting & Participants: Adults who received an LVAD, survived to hospital discharge, and were subsequently treated with maintenance hemodialysis by a not-for-profit dialysis provider between 2011 and 2019. Results: 11 patients were included. 6 had a known history of chronic kidney disease. Patients underwent outpatient hemodialysis for a mean duration of 165.2 (range, 31-542) days, during which they were treated with 544 total dialysis sessions. 6 of these sessions were stopped early due to dialysis-related adverse events (1.1%). More than 80% of follow-up time was spent out of the hospital; however, 55% of patients were rehospitalized within 1 month of starting outpatient hemodialysis. The most common reason for hospitalization was infection (32%), followed by hypervolemia (14%), and cerebrovascular accident or transient ischemic attack (11%). 4 patients recovered kidney function, 1 underwent combined heart and kidney transplantation, 2 continued treatment, 2 died, and 2 were lost to follow-up. Limitations: Retrospective design, small number of cases, and lack of complete follow-up data. Conclusions: Approximately half the patients with complete follow-up either recovered kidney function or underwent combined heart and kidney transplantation. This case series demonstrates that outpatient hemodialysis centers, in partnership with LVAD treatment teams, can successfully provide hemodialysis to patients on LVAD support.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)226-234
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Kidney Diseases
Volume77
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Outpatient hemodialysis
  • advanced heart failure
  • case series
  • chronic kidney disease (CKD)
  • destination therapy
  • dialysis-related adverse events
  • end-stage kidney disease (ESKD)
  • hospitalizations
  • kidney failure
  • left ventricular assist device (LVAD)
  • myocardial stunning
  • quality-of-life (QoL)
  • readmission
  • ultrafiltration rate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology

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