Outcomes Associated With Participation in a Sober Living Home for Women With Histories of Domestic and Sexual Violence Victimization and Substance Use Disorders

Katie M. Edwards, Lorey Wheeler, Laura Siller, Sharon B. Murphy, Sarah E. Ullman, Ronald Harvey, Kelly Palmer, Katherine Lee, Jania Marshall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Domestic and sexual violence (DSV) and substance use disorders (SUDs) co-occur at high rates among women. Yet, the extent to which sober living homes promote healing and recovery among women with histories of DSV and SUDs is unknown. The purpose of the proposed study was to examine this gap in the literature by conducting a pilot evaluation of the Support, Education, Empowerment, and Directions (SEEDs) program in Phoenix, Arizona. SEEDs is a trauma-informed, gender-responsive sober living home that provides transitional housing to women with histories of DSV and SUDs. Participants (N = 59) completed three surveys (baseline and 6 and 12 months) to determine how engagement with SEEDs predicted changes over time across several outcomes. Results suggest that SEEDs participants improved over time for primary (i.e., victimization, perpetration, and substance use) and other (i.e., posttraumatic stress, depressive symptoms, financial worries, and housing instability) outcomes. Sense of purpose, posttraumatic growth, and personal empowerment did not change over time. Length of stay and program involvement in SEEDs were the most consistent predictors of improvements at the 12-month follow-up. Finally, women who lived only at SEEDs throughout the course of the study fared better on most outcomes compared with women who lived places other than SEEDs during the study period. Although further experimental research is needed, preliminary research suggests that SEEDs is a promising approach to facilitate healing and recovery among women with histories of DSV and SUDs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalTraumatology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • Domestic violence
  • Recovery
  • Sexual violence
  • Sober living home
  • Substance abuse

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)
  • Emergency Medicine
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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