The aim of this study was to evaluate clinical outcomes after left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation in patients with severe pre-LVAD renal dysfunction (RD). The cohort of 165 consecutive patients implanted with HeartMate II LVADs was divided into two groups: 1) baseline glomerular filtration rate (bGFR) ≤ 40 ml/min/1.73 m2 (n = 30), and 2) GFR > 40 ml/min/1.73 m2 (n = 135). In both groups, GFR increased significantly at 1 month and then declined, remaining higher than the pre-LVAD level in the bGFR ≤ 40 group and returning back to the pre-LVAD level in the bGFR > 40 group by 1 year post-LVAD follow-up. Post-LVAD dialysis was used in 20% of the bGFR ≤ 40 patients and 7% of the bGFR > 40 patients (p = 0.02). By 3 months, 14% patients had GFR ≤ 40 ml/min/1.73 m2. Grade ≥2 tricuspid regurgitation (TR) (odds ratio [OR], 3.4; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.23-10.28; p = 0.02) and model for end-stage liver disease-XI score ≥ 17 (OR, 4.2; 95% CI, 1.45-12.24; p = 0.01) were risk factors for severe RD at 3 months after LVAD implantation. Eight bGFR ≤ 40 patients underwent heart transplantation. Carefully selected patients with advanced heart dysfunction and bGFR ≤ 40 ml/min/1.73 m2 can improve kidney function with LVAD support and be able to bridge to isolated heart transplantation. Additional research is needed to refine patient selection for LVAD.
- left ventricular assist device
- renal dysfunction
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biomedical Engineering