BACKGROUND: Glycoprotein IIb/IIIa receptor antagonists have been shown to have an impact on the outcomes of death/myocardial infarction (MI) in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. At our institution, tirofiban has largely replaced abciximab in an attempt to decrease costs. OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of this change on patient outcomes in the absence of head-to-head trials. METHODS: Medical records were reviewed and telephone follow-ups were conducted on patients receiving tirofiban (n = 83) at our facility between February and November 1999. Death/MI at 30 days and 6 months after infusion were recorded. Safety and length of stay (LOS) were also assessed. These data were compared using χ2 analysis with results obtained from a previous review of abciximab use (n = 83) collected between May 1997 and November 1998. RESULTS: There was no difference in the baseline incidence of (1) cardiovascular risk factors, (2) prior revascularization, (3) prior MI, (4) the number of vessels with atherosclerotic disease assessed by angiography, and (5) the number of vessels receiving procedures. Death/MI trended to be worse with tirofiban versus abciximab at our institution at 30 days (4.8% abciximab vs. 12% tirofiban; p = 0.163) and 6 months (6% abciximab vs. 18.1% tirofiban; p = 0.032). Bleeding and median LOS (3 d abciximab vs. 3 d tirofiban) were not different. Despite an increase in pharmacy cost, the use of abciximab provided these outcomes without an increase in total hospital cost. CONCLUSIONS: The perceived economically driven change in medication selection from abciximab to tirofiban may not have been appropriate based on the negative trends seen in this review. To maintain optimal patient outcomes, this change should be reevaluated.
- Glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors
- Percutaneous coronary interventions
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmacology (medical)