Overview of the Flaviviridae with an emphasis on the Japanese encephalitis group viruses

Beth K. Schweitzer, Nora M. Chapman, Peter C. Iwen

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

The viruses within the Flaviviridae family are associated with significant public health and economic impacts worldwide. Of the 3 genera in this family, the Flavivirus genus is the largest, composed of 53 species divided into 12 groups. Of these groups, the Japanese encephalitis group contains the largest number of viral species associated with human disease. The majority of human infections following exposure to a mosquito vector in this group of viruses include the Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), Murray Valley encephalitis virus (MVEV), St. Louis encephalitis virus (SLEV), and West Nile virus (WNV). This paper provides a generalized overview of the viruses within the Flaviviridae with a focused examination of the 4 major species causing human disease within the Japanese encephalitis group.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)493-499
Number of pages7
JournalLaboratory medicine
Volume40
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical

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