Prior to the 1990s, d-TGA was palliated with the atrial switch procedure resulting in a systemic right ventricle associated with significant long-term morbidity and mortality. Determining the optimal timing of heart transplantation (HT) in these patients has been difficult. While cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) is commonly used to try and risk stratify these patients, traditional exercise parameters have lacked the sensitivity and specificity to assess long-term risk. We sought to assess changes in exercise parameters over time in order to determine if any CPET parameter or combination of parameters could reliably identify risk for adverse outcome in this patient group. A retrospective review of serial CPET for 40 patients over 17 years was completed. Patients with adverse event within 6 months prior to CPET were noted. CPET parameters were compared and linear mixed model regression with repeated measures was performed on serial tests for longitudinal assessment. The linear mixed model regression identified OUES indexed to BSA to be the most sensitive parameter in identifying patients at risk of adverse event and became a stronger predictor of adverse event when combined with peak heart rate. CPET is useful in identifying patients with atrial switch at increased risk of adverse outcome. Indexed OUES and peak heart rate are better prognostic indicators than VO2 and VE/VCO2.
- Atrial switch
- Cardiopulmonary exercise test
- Oxygen uptake efficiency slope
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine