P2X7 Receptor Expression in Peripheral Blood Monocytes Is Correlated With Plasma C-Reactive Protein and Cytokine Levels in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: a Preliminary Report

Hong Wu, Yijun Nie, Huangui Xiong, Shuangmei Liu, Guilin Li, An Huang, Lili Guo, Shouyu Wang, Yun Xue, Bing Wu, Lichao Peng, Miaomiao Song, Guodong Li, Shangdong Liang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Chronic inflammation plays a major role in development of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). C-reactive protein (CRP) and inflammatory cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin 1β (IL-1β) are directly involved in the occurrence of insulin resistance. Increased extracellular ATP levels can amplify the inflammatory response in vivo via the P2X7 receptor. The present study aimed to assess the relationship between P2X7 receptor expression in human peripheral blood monocytes and plasma levels of TNF-α, IL-1β, and CRP in T2DM patients. The results showed the association of increased P2X7 receptor expression of monocytes with high serum CRP, TNF-α, and IL-1β levels. TNF-α and IL-1β levels were lowest in healthy subjects; in T2DM patients, these inflammatory markers were less abundant in individuals with normal CRP levels compared to those with high CRP contents. In contrast, IL-10 levels in T2DM patients with high CRP levels were dramatically decreased. P2X7 receptor expression in monocytes from T2DM patients with high CRP levels was significantly increased in comparison with healthy individuals and T2DM patients with normal CRP levels. These findings indicated that P2X7 receptor in peripheral blood monocytes may be involved in the pathological changes of T2DM, particularly affecting patients with high CRP levels.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2076-2081
Number of pages6
JournalInflammation
Volume38
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - May 29 2015

Keywords

  • P2X receptor
  • cytokines
  • monocytes
  • type 2 diabetes mellitus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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