Abnormalities of the p53 gene are frequently observed in human tumors, including urinary bladder carcinoma, suggesting that p53 plays an important role in human carcinogenesis. However, its role in rat bladder carcinogenesis is unclear. In this study, we investigated the presence of p53 mutations in 122 urinary bladder tumors induced in F344 rats in the following carcinogenesis models: (i) 0.2% N-[4-(5-nitro-2-furyl)-2-thiazolyl]formamide (FANFT; 6 weeks) in the diet followed by 3% or 5% sodium saccharin in the diet, 5% sodium ascorbate, 3.12% calcium saccharin (CaSac), 1.34% sodium chloride (NaCl), 5.2% CaSac plus 1.34% NaCl, or basal diet alone (72 weeks); and (II) 0.2% FANFT, 0.05% N-(4-hydroxybutyl)nitrosamine in the drinking water, N-methyl-N-nitrosourea 20 mg/kg body wt, i.p. twice per week, or basal diet alone (4 weeks), followed by 3% uracil in the diet (20 weeks). Polymerase chain reaction-single-strand conformation polymorphism analysis and direct sequencing were performed for exons 5-8 in the ratp53 gene. We found nine tumors (7.4%) with p53 mutations. Two tumors had two mutations in the p53 gene. The tumors that had p53 mutations were relatively smaller than those that did not have p53 mutations. There were no mutation clusters among the treatments or hot-spots for p53 mutations. These results indicate that p53 mutation is infrequent in bladder carcinogenesis in rats, and when it does occur, it does not appear to provide a growth advantage.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research