Both electrocautery and internal defibrillation are routinely used in cardiac operations. The cases of 5 patients are presented in whom backup-mode reversion or injury of permanently implanted pulse generators occurred during a cardiac procedure. The theoretical explanations for backup-mode reversion and generator or tissue injury are discussed, and recommendations are made for the management of patients with a pacemaker who are to undergo a cardiac operation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine