Panarchy use in environmental science for risk and resilience planning

David G. Angeler, Craig R. Allen, Ahjond S. Garmestani, Lance H. Gunderson, Igor Linkov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


Environmental sciences have an important role in informing sustainable management of built environments by providing insights about the drivers and potentially negative impacts of global environmental change. Here, we discuss panarchy theory, a multi-scale hierarchical concept that accounts for the dynamism of complex socio-ecological systems, especially for those systems with strong cross-scale feedbacks. The idea of panarchy underlies much of system resilience, focusing on how systems respond to known and unknown threats. Panarchy theory can provide a framework for qualitative and quantitative research and application in the environmental sciences, which can in turn inform the ongoing efforts in socio-technical resilience thinking and adaptive and transformative approaches to management.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)225-228
Number of pages4
JournalEnvironment Systems and Decisions
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1 2016


  • Environment
  • Global change
  • Panarchy
  • Resilience
  • Risk governance
  • Risk management
  • Socio-ecological systems
  • Vulnerability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Environmental Science


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