Pancreatic cancer associated with obesity and diabetes: An alternative approach for its targeting

Ramesh Pothuraju, Satyanarayana Rachagani, Wade M. Junker, Sanjib Chaudhary, Viswanathan Saraswathi, Sukhwinder Kaur, Surinder K. Batra

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Pancreatic cancer (PC) is among foremost causes of cancer related deaths worldwide due to generic symptoms, lack of effective screening strategies and resistance to chemo- and radiotherapies. The risk factors associated with PC include several metabolic disorders such as obesity, insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Studies have shown that obesity and T2DM are associated with PC pathogenesis; however, their role in PC initiation and development remains obscure. Main body: Several biochemical and physiological factors associated with obesity and/or T2DM including adipokines, inflammatory mediators, and altered microbiome are involved in PC progression and metastasis albeit by different molecular mechanisms. Deep understanding of these factors and causal relationship between factors and altered signaling pathways will facilitate deconvolution of disease complexity as well as lead to development of novel therapies. In the present review, we focuses on the interplay between adipocytokines, gut microbiota, adrenomedullin, hyaluronan, vanin and matrix metalloproteinase affected by metabolic alteration and pancreatic tumor progression. Conclusions: Metabolic diseases, such as obesity and T2DM, contribute PC development through altered metabolic pathways. Delineating key players in oncogenic development in pancreas due to metabolic disorder could be a beneficial strategy to combat cancers associated with metabolic diseases in particular, PC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number319
JournalJournal of Experimental and Clinical Cancer Research
Volume37
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 19 2018

Keywords

  • Adiponectin
  • Diabetes
  • Gut microbiota
  • Inflammation
  • Insulin resistance
  • Leptin
  • Obesity
  • Pancreatic cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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