Parent adoption and implementation of obesity prevention practices through building children's asking skills at family child care homes

Tanis J. Walch, Richard R. Rosenkranz, Michaela A. Schenkelberg, Bronwyn S. Fees, David A. Dzewaltowski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Early childhood education programs provide a setting to reach children and parents to modify home environments to prevent obesity. The Healthy Opportunities for Physical Activity and Nutrition Home (HOP'N) Home project was a novel approach that linked Family Child Care Homes (FCCH) to home environments by developing children's asking skills for healthful home environmental change through curricular activities. Objective: To evaluate the feasibility of engaging parents in obesity prevention practices through building children's asking skills at FCCH. Methods: FCCHs (n = 5 settings) and children (n = 25; aged 3−5 years; female = 36 %; non-Hispanic white = 91 %; low socioeconomic status = 28 %; overweight/obese = 52 %) and parents (n = 25) participated in a pre-post cohort design. We assessed children's body mass index and self-report variables at three time points. HOP'N Home included continuous staff training, group time, dramatic play, meal prompts, songs, and home activities. Results: FCCH providers implemented 83%–100% of intervention activities. All parents (100 %) adopted the program, most (87 %) returned completed homework activities to FCCHs, and over 90 % implemented changes in the home. Percent of overweight/obese children decreased from pre-intervention (50 %) to post-intervention (29 %,p = 0.06) and follow-up (38 %,p = 0.06). Conclusions: It is feasible to build children's asking skills and pair this strategy with home activities to engage parents to prevent obesity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number101810
JournalEvaluation and Program Planning
Volume80
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2020

Keywords

  • Child
  • Intervention studies
  • Obesity
  • Parenting
  • Preschool

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Social Psychology
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Strategy and Management
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Parent adoption and implementation of obesity prevention practices through building children's asking skills at family child care homes'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this