Pathology Data-Based Risk Group Stratification Is Equivalent to That Obtained by Oncotype DX Testing in Prostatic Adenocarcinoma

Pranav S. Renavikar, Chad A. LaGrange, Subodh M. Lele

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Context.-Low-risk (Gleason score 3 þ 3 = 6) and intermediate-risk (Gleason score 3 þ 4 = 7) prostate carcinoma cases diagnosed on needle biopsies are frequently referred for gene expression studies such as Oncotype DX to help validate the risk. Risk assessment helps in determining prognosis and therapeutic decision making. Objective.-To determine if addition of molecular testing is necessary, by evaluating its correlation with risk stratification provided by pathology report (Gleason score, Grade Group, proportion of positive cores) and serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level. Design.-Our institutional database was searched for cases that had Oncotype DX testing after prostate biopsy. The final risk category determined by molecular testing was compared to the risk stratification predicted by the pathology report and serum PSA levels. Cases were classified as concordant if they fell under the same National Comprehensive Cancer Network risk and recommended initial therapy group. Follow-up information on discordant cases was obtained and used to determine if risk stratification by molecular testing was superior to that obtained from the clinicopathologic data. Results.-A total of 4967 prostate biopsies (2015-2020) were screened. Of these, 131 prostate carcinoma cases (2.6%) had Oncotype DX testing and 111 of 131 cases (85%) had follow-up information. There was risk stratification concordance in 93 of 111 cases (84%). All 18 of 111 cases (16%) that were discordant had a follow-up course that matched the risk predicted by pathology data and serum PSA. Conclusions.-Risk stratification provided by information in the pathology report on routine biopsy assessment coupled with the serum PSA level is equivalent to that obtained by Oncotype DX testing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1158-1163
Number of pages6
JournalArchives of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine
Volume147
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Medical Laboratory Technology

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