Pathophysiology-based novel pharmacotherapy for heart failure with preserved ejection fraction

Dimitrios M. Konstantinou, Yiannis S. Chatzizisis, George D. Giannoglou

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Heart failure has become increasingly prevalent and poses a significant socioeconomic burden in the developed world. Approximately half of heart failure patients have preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) and experience an increased morbidity and mortality attributed to the lack of effective therapies and to the presence of comorbidities. Suppression of neurohormonal activation by beta-blockers and renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system inhibitors is the cornerstone in the pharmacotherapy of heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). However, these medications are not associated with significant clinical benefit in HFpEF. In this review, we provide an in-depth pathophysiology-based update on novel pharmacotherapies of HFpEF. A deeper insight into the pathophysiologic mechanisms of HFpEF may create opportunities for novel pharmacological interventions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)156-166
Number of pages11
JournalPharmacology and Therapeutics
Volume140
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2013

Keywords

  • Diastolic dysfunction
  • Heart failure
  • Pathophysiology
  • Pharmacotherapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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