Objective: The aim of this scoping review was to identify information on compliance with wearing orthoses and other supportive devices, to discuss the barriers to adherence, and to suggest strategies for improvement based on these findings. Methods: Online databases of PubMed, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library were searched for articles about patients’ compliance with regard to lower limb assistive devices. In addition, a methodological quality control process was conducted. Studies were included if in the English language and related to compliance and adherence to the lower limb assistive device. Exclusion was based on first reading the abstract and then the full manuscript confirming content was not related to orthotic devices and compliance. Results: Twelve studies were included. The data revealed between 6% and 80% of patients were not using a prescribed device. Barriers to the use of the orthotic device included medical, functional, device properties and lack of proper fit. Strategies for improved compliance included better communication between patient and clinician, patient education, and improved comfort and device esthetics. Conclusions: Individualized orthotic adjustments, rehabilitation, and patient education were promising for increasing adherence. Despite positive aspects of improvements in gait, balance in elderly, and a sense of security produced by using assistive devices, compliance remains less than ideal due to barriers. As compliance in recent studies has not improved, continued work in this area is essential to realize the benefits of technological advances in orthotic and assistive devices.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)114-126
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2022


  • Foot Orthosis
  • Lower Extremities
  • Orthotic Devices
  • Patient Compliance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chiropractics


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