Patient Portal Engagement Affects Postvasectomy Semen Analysis Completion

Kaitlyn Schultis, Garett Ostdiek-Wille, Christopher M. Deibert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: To identify factors that affect completion of postvasectomy semen analysis (PVSA) in men receiving telehealth prevasectomy counseling. Telehealth visits have become increasingly common for prevasectomy consultations. Prior studies have shown that men prefer telehealth vasectomy consultations over in-person options. Postvasectomy semen testing should be completed to confirm sterilization. Methods: Three hundred and seventy-one men aged 19 and older who saw a single physician for a telehealth prevasectomy consultation and completed an in-office vasectomy were included in the study. Demographic information such as age, patient relationship status, and distance from the clinic were accessed via electronic medical record. Patients were assessed based on their engagement with electronic preprocedure instructions, and the primary outcome measured was completion of PVSA. Results: 45.6% of men completed a PVSA. There was no significant difference in completion of the PVSA between those who opened their electronic instructions before their vasectomy and those who did not (46.1% vs 44.4%, P = .77). Of those who messaged the clinic for any reason at least once after their consultation, 62% completed their PVSA; 41% who did not contact the clinic completed the PVSA (P = .0009). Conclusion: While there was no difference in completion of PVSA in patients who opened their instructions vs those who did not, patients with a higher level of engagement with the patient portals were more likely to complete their semen test. By understanding factors influencing patient compliance with postvasectomy semen testing, healthcare professionals can develop targeted interventions to ensure safe and successful outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)137-141
Number of pages5
StatePublished - Mar 2024

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology


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