Patterns of linkage disequilibrium and haplotype distribution in disease candidate genes

Ji Rong Long, Lan Juan Zhao, Peng Yuan Liu, Yan Lu, Volodymyr Dvornyk, Hui Shen, Yong Jun Liu, Yuan Yuan Zhang, Dong Hai Xiong, Peng Xiao, Hong Wen Deng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The adequacy of association studies for complex diseases depends critically on the existence of linkage disequilibrium (LD) between functional alleles and surrounding SNP markers. Results: We examined the patterns of LD and haplotype distribution in eight candidate genes for osteoporosis and/or obesity using 31 SNPs in 1,873 subjects. These eight genes are apolipoprotein E (APOE), type I collagen α1 (COL1A1), estrogen receptor-α (ER-α), leptin receptor (LEPR), parathyroid hormone (PTH)/PTH-related peptide receptor type 1 (PTHR1), transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1), uncoupling protein 3 (UCP3), and vitamin D (1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3) receptor (VDR). Yin yang haplotypes, two high-frequency haplotypes composed of completely mismatching SNP alleles, were examined. To quantify LD patterns, two common measures of LD, D' and r2, were calculated for the SNPs within the genes. The haplotype distribution varied in the different genes. Yin yang haplotypes were observed only in PTHR1 and UCP3. D' ranged from 0.020 to 1.000 with the average of 0.475, whereas the average r2 was 0.158 (ranging from 0.000 to 0.883). A decay of LD was observed as the intermarker distance increased, however, there was a great difference in LD characteristics of different genes or even in different regions within gene. Conclusion: The differences in haplotype distributions and LD patterns among the genes underscore the importance of characterizing genomic regions of interest prior to association studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalBMC Genetics
Volume5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 24 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

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    Long, J. R., Zhao, L. J., Liu, P. Y., Lu, Y., Dvornyk, V., Shen, H., Liu, Y. J., Zhang, Y. Y., Xiong, D. H., Xiao, P., & Deng, H. W. (2004). Patterns of linkage disequilibrium and haplotype distribution in disease candidate genes. BMC Genetics, 5. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2156-5-11