Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is the most common type of cardiac revascularization performed. However, there has been limited research examining the recovery of PCI patients after their hospital discharge. This descriptive, longitudinal study examined patterns of recovery (cardiac symptoms experienced, impact of cardiac symptoms on physical functioning and enjoyment of life, postprocedure problems experienced, and functioning) of 37 PCI patients at 2, 4, and 6 weeks following PCI. Fatigue was the most frequent and persistent symptom, and significantly, F(2, 26) = 3.6, p < .05, it impacted physical functioning at 4 weeks following PCI. Both physical and psychosocial functioning improved over time. Coronary restenosis and heart rhythm disturbance were the most common self-reported heart-related problems. Understanding normal variation in recovery patterns can assist clinicians in developing interventions to facilitate optimal outcomes.
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