Perceptions of long-acting reversible contraception among women receiving medication for opioid use disorder in Vermont

Catalina N. Rey, Gary J. Badger, Heidi S. Melbostad, Deborah Wachtel, Stacey C. Sigmon, Lauren K. MacAfee, Anne K. Dougherty, Sarah H. Heil

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: To evaluate perceptions of long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARC) among women receiving medication for opioid use disorder. Study design: Cross-sectional survey of 200 women receiving medication for opioid use disorder in Vermont. Results: A considerable proportion of women receiving medication for opioid use disorder in Vermont reported previous use of an IUD (40%) and/or a subdermal contraceptive implant (16%); the majority of prior LARC users were satisfied with their IUD (68%) or their implant (74%). Of the 38% of participants who had never considered IUD use, 85% percent (64/75) said that they knew nothing or only a little about IUDs. Of the 61% of participants who had never considered an implant, 81% percent (98/121) said that they knew nothing or only a little about the contraceptive method. The most commonly reported reasons for a lack of interest in the IUD and/or implant were concerns about side effects and preference for a woman-controlled method. Conclusions: Gaps in LARC knowledge are common among those who have not used LARCs and concerns about side effects and preferences for a woman-controlled method limit some women's interest in these contraceptives. Additionally, reasons for dissatisfaction among past users are generally similar for IUD and implant and include irregular bleeding and having a bad experience with the method. Implications: Efforts to increase awareness of LARC methods among women receiving medication for opioid use disorder should address concerns about side effects and reproductive autonomy and encourage satisfied LARC users to share their experiences with their social networks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)333-337
Number of pages5
JournalContraception
Volume101
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Implant
  • Intrauterine device
  • Long-acting reversible contraception
  • Opioid agonist treatment
  • Opioid use disorder
  • Unintended pregnancy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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