Periosteum Mimetic Coating on Structural Bone Allografts via Electrospray Deposition Enhances Repair and Reconstruction of Segmental Defects

Zhou Zhuang, Johnson V. John, Haofu Liao, Jiebo Luo, Paul Rubery, Addisu Mesfin, Sunil Kumar Boda, Jingwei Xie, Xinping Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Structural bone allograft transplantation remains one of the common strategies for repair and reconstruction of large bone defects. Due to the loss of periosteum that covers the outer surface of the cortical bone, the healing and incorporation of allografts is extremely slow and limited. To enhance the biological performance of allografts, herein, we report a novel and simple approach for engineering a periosteum mimetic coating on the surface of structural bone allografts via polymer-mediated electrospray deposition. This approach enables the coating on allografts with precisely controlled composition and thickness. In addition, the periosteum mimetic coating can be tailored to achieve desired drug release profiles by making use of an appropriate biodegradable polymer or polymer blend. The efficacy study in a murine segmental femoral bone defect model demonstrates that the allograft coating composed of poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) and bone morphogenetic protein-2 mimicking peptide significantly improves allograft healing as evidenced by decreased fibrotic tissue formation, increased periosteal bone formation, and enhanced osseointegration. Taken together, this study provides a platform technology for engineering a periosteum mimetic coating which can greatly promote bone allograft healing. This technology could eventually result in an off-the-shelf and multifunctional structural bone allograft for highly effective repair and reconstruction of large segmental bone defects. The technology can also be used to ameliorate the performance of other medical implants by modifying their surfaces.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6241-6252
Number of pages12
JournalACS Biomaterials Science and Engineering
Volume6
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 9 2020

Keywords

  • BMP-2 peptide
  • bone allograft
  • periosteum mimetic
  • polymer-mediated electrospray deposition
  • surface coating

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering

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