Permanent-magnet properties of thermally processed FePt and FePt-Fe multilayer films

Jian Zhou, Ralph Skomski, Xingzhong Li, Wei Tang, George C. Hadjipanayis, David J. Sellmyer

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations


FePt single-layer and FePt-Fe multilayer thin films are prepared by magnetron sputtering. By varying the Pt content, FePt, Fe3 Pt, or a mixture of FePt and Fe3 Pt can be obtained in Fe-Pt single layers. In annealed FePt-Fe multilayers, the coercivities decrease with the introduction of Fe layers compared to FePt single layers, while the magnetization increases. The single-phase behavior of the hysteresis loops of FePt-Fe multilayers indicates the existence of exchange coupling in these materials. For one FePt-Fe sample with optimized exchange coupling, the intrinsic properties correspond to an energy product of 19 MGOe. The texture of the magnets is determined by the (111) orientation of the crystallites. This means that the easy magnetization directions of the FePt grains form an angle of 54.7° with the film normal, but are randomly oriented in the film plane. It is analyzed how this easy-axis distribution affects the magnetic hysteresis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2802-2804
Number of pages3
JournalIEEE Transactions on Magnetics
Issue number5 I
StatePublished - Sep 2002
Externally publishedYes
Event2002 International Magnetics Conference (Intermag 2002) - Amsterdam, Netherlands
Duration: Apr 28 2002May 2 2002


  • Annealing
  • Permanent magnets
  • Pt-Fe
  • Texture

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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