Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ enhances human pulmonary artery smooth muscle cell apoptosis through microRNA-21 and programmed cell death 4

David E. Green, Tamara C. Murphy, Bum Yong Kang, Brahmchetna Bedi, Zhihong Yuan, Ruxana T. Sadikot, C. Michael Hart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a progressive disorder whose cellular pathogenesis involves enhanced smooth muscle cell (SMC) proliferation and resistance to apoptosis signals. Existing evidence demonstrates that the tumor suppressor programmed cell death 4 (PDCD4) affects patterns of cell growth and repair responses in the systemic vasculature following experimental injury. In the current study, the regulation PDCD4 and its functional effects on growth and apoptosis susceptibility in pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells were explored. We previously demonstrated that pharmacological activation of the nuclear transcription factor peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPARγ) attenuated hypoxia-induced proliferation of human pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (HPASMCs) by inhibiting the expression and mitogenic functions of microRNA-21 (miR-21). In the current study, we hypothesize that PPARγ stimulates PDCD4 expression and HPASMC apoptosis by inhibiting miR-21. Our findings demonstrate that PDCD4 is reduced in the mouse lung upon exposure to chronic hypoxia (10% O2 for 3 wk) and in hypoxia-exposed HPASMCs (1% O2). HPASMC apoptosis was reduced by hypoxia, by miR-21 overexpression, or by siRNA-mediated PPARγ and PDCD4 depletion. Activation of PPARγ inhibited miR-21 expression and resultant proliferation, while restoring PDCD4 levels and apoptosis to baseline. Additionally, pharmacological activation of PPARγ with rosiglitazone enhanced PDCD4 protein expression and apoptosis in a dose-dependent manner as demonstrated by increased annexin V detection by flow cytometry. Collectively, these findings demonstrate that PPARγ confers growth-inhibitory signals in hypoxia-exposed HPASMCs through suppression of miR-21 and the accompanying derepression of PDCD4 that augments HPASMC susceptibility to undergo apoptosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)L371-L383
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
Volume313
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Pulmonary hypertension
  • Smooth muscle cell proliferation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cell Biology

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