Persons with multiple sclerosis show altered joint kinetics during walking after participating in elliptical exercise

Jessie M. Huisinga, Kendra K. Schmid, Mary L. Filipi, Nicholas Stergiou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) experience abnormal gait patterns and reduced physical activity. The purpose of this study was to determine if an elliptical exercise intervention for patients with MS would change joint kinetics during gait toward healthy control values. Gait analysis was performed on patients with MS (n = 24) before and after completion of 15 sessions of supervised exercise. Joint torques and powers were calculated, while also using walking velocity as a covariate, to determine the effects of elliptical exercise on lower extremity joint kinetics during gait. Results show that elliptical exercise significantly altered joint torques at the ankle and hip and joint powers at the ankle during stance. The change in joint power at the ankle indicates that, after training, patients with MS employed a walking strategy that is more similar to that of healthy young adults. These results support the use of elliptical exercise as a gait training tool for patients with MS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)249-257
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of applied biomechanics
Volume28
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2012

Keywords

  • Exercise
  • Gait analysis
  • Kinetics
  • Rehabilitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Rehabilitation

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