Pharmacological intervention research for academic outcomes for students with ADHD

Joseph B. Ryan, Robert Reid, Michael H. Epstein, Cynthia Ellis, Joseph H. Evans

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


This study reviews the status and trends of pharmacological intervention research focused on the academic functioning of children and adolescents with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Forty-two studies involving 1,668 participants were included in the review. Results indicated: (1) information on participants is limited; (2) relatively few studies have investigated the effects of psychotropic medications among adolescent populations; (3) the types of medications investigated are limited; (4) dependent measures are often lacking in sophistication (i.e., number of math problems correct); (5) treatments have been limited to short-term interventions; and (6) medication-type interventions resulted in a moderate beneficial effect across academic subject areas for children and adolescents with ADHD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)135-154
Number of pages20
JournalBehavioral Disorders
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology


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