Phase 2 Safety and Antiviral Activity of SAB-185, a Novel Polyclonal Antibody Therapy for Nonhospitalized Adults With COVID-19

ACTIV-2/A5401 Study Team

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: SAB-185, a novel fully human IgG polyclonal immunoglobulin product, underwent phase 2 evaluation for nonhospitalized adults with mild-moderate coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Methods: Participants received intravenous SAB-185 3840 units/kg (low-dose) or placebo, or 10 240 units/kg (high-dose) or placebo. Primary outcome measures were nasopharyngeal severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) RNA < lower limit of quantification (LLOQ) at study days 3, 7, and 14, time to symptomatic improvement, and safety through day 28. Results: Two-hundred thirteen participants received low-dose SAB-185/placebo (n = 107/106) and 215 high-dose SAB-185/placebo (n = 110/105). The proportions with SARS-CoV-2 RNA < LLOQ were higher for SAB-185 versus placebo at days 3 and 7 and similar at day 14, and significantly higher at day 7 for high-dose SAB-185 versus placebo only, relative risk 1.23 (95% confidence interval, 1.01-1.49). At day 3, SARS-CoV-2 RNA levels were lower with low-dose and high-dose SAB-185 versus placebo: differences in medians of -0.78 log10 copies/mL (P =. 08) and -0.71 log10 copies/mL (P =. 10), respectively. No difference was observed in time to symptom improvement: median 11/10 days (P =. 24) for low-dose SAB-185/placebo and 8/10 days (P =. 50) for high-dose SAB-185/placebo. Grade ≥3 adverse events occurred in 5%/13% of low-dose SAB-185/placebo and 9%/12% of high-dose SAB-185/placebo. Conclusions: SAB-185 was safe and generally well tolerated and demonstrated modest antiviral activity in predominantly low-risk nonhospitalized adults with COVID-19. Clinical Trials Registration. NCT04518410.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)133-142
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Infectious Diseases
Volume228
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 15 2023

Keywords

  • antibody
  • COVID-19
  • polyclonal
  • SAB-185
  • transchromosomic
  • treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine

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