Phase II clinical trial using anti-CD3 × anti-HER2 bispecific antibody armed activated T cells (HER2 BATs) consolidation therapy for HER2 negative (0-2+) metastatic breast cancer

Lawrence G. Lum, Zaid Al-Kadhimi, Abhinav Deol, Vidya Kondadasula, Dana Schalk, Elyse Tomashewski, Patricia Steele, Kristie Fields, Melissa Giroux, Qin Liu, Lawrence Flaherty, Michael Simon, Archana Thakur

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background Metastatic human epidermal growth receptor II (HER2) negative breast cancer remains incurable. Our phase I study showed that anti-CD3 × anti-HER2 bispecific antibody armed activated T cells (HER2 BATs) may be effective against HER2-tumors. This phase II trial evaluates the efficacy and immune responses of HER2 BATs given to patients with metastatic HER2-estrogen and/or progesterone receptor positive (HR+) and triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) as immune consolidation after chemotherapy. The primary objective of this study was to increase the traditional median time to progression after failure of first-line therapy of 2-4 months with the secondary endpoints of increasing overall survival (OS) and immune responses. Methods HER2- metastatic breast cancer (MBC) patients received 3 weekly infusions of HER2 BATs and a boost after 12 weeks. Results This phase II study included 24 HER2-HR+ and 8 TNBC patients who received a mean of 3.75 and 2.4 lines of prior chemotherapy, respectively. Eight of 32 evaluable patients were stable at 4 months after the first infusion. There were no dose limiting toxicities. Tumor markers decreased in 13 of 23 (56.5%) patients who had tumor markers. The median OS was 13.1 (95% CI 8.6 to 17.4), 15.2 (95% CI 8.6 to 19.8), and 12.3 (95% CI 2.1 to 17.8) months for the entire group, HER2-HR+, and TNBC patients, respectively. Median OS for patients with chemotherapy-sensitive and chemotherapy-resistant disease after chemotherapy was 14.6 (9.6-21.8) and 8.6 (3.3-17.3) months, respectively. There were statistically significant increases in interferon-γimmunospots, Th 1 cytokines, Th 2 cytokines, and chemokines after HER2 BATs infusions. Conclusions In heavily pretreated HER2-patients, immune consolidation with HER2 BATs after chemotherapy appears to increase the proportion of patients who were stable at 4 months and the median OS for both groups as well as increased adaptive and innate antitumor responses. Future studies combining HER2 BATs with checkpoint inhibitors or other immunomodulators may improve clinical outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere002194
JournalJournal for ImmunoTherapy of Cancer
Volume9
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 11 2021

Keywords

  • breast neoplasms
  • cell engineering
  • clinical trials
  • cytokines
  • cytotoxicity
  • immunologic
  • phase II as topic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Oncology
  • Pharmacology
  • Cancer Research

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