Photovoltaic Diode Effect Induced by Positive Bias Poling of Organic Layer-Mediated Interface in Perovskite Heterostructure α-HC(NH2)2PbI3/TiO2

Hong Jian Feng, Jinsong Huang, Xiao Cheng Zeng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

It is shown that in the formamidinium (FA) lead iodide/titania heterostructure α-HC(NH2)2PbI3/TiO2 the organic layer-mediated interface, i.e., FAI/TiO2, can induce photovoltaic diode effect via positive bias poling. The band gap of the heterostructure is reduced to zero upon the positive poling due to combined effects of ion diffusion, rotation of organic moieties, and ferroelectric redistribution. The perovskite part in the organic layer-mediated interface FAI/TiO2 gives rise to a strong polarization of 18.69 μC cm−2, compared to that (0.89 μC cm−2) in the inorganic layer-mediated interface PbI2/TiO2. The strong polarization of the organic layer-mediated interface is closely related to the diode effect associated with the reordering of the ferroelectric polarization and charge distribution, as a consequence of the mobility and rotation of organic moieties in FAI/TiO2 upon the positive bias poling. The latter effect also provides an explanation on why the FAPbI3-based devices can largely reduce the scanning hysteresis in the J–V curves (Yang et al., Science 2015, 348, 1234) and why the organic layer-mediated halide perovskite heterostructure is one of the most promising candidates for the fabrication of highly efficient solar cells or optoelectronic devices.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1600267
JournalAdvanced Materials Interfaces
Volume3
Issue number17
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 6 2016

Keywords

  • bias poling
  • density-functional theory
  • organic layer-mediated interface
  • perovskite heterostructure
  • photovoltaic diode effect

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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