A well-supported molecular phylogeny for North American Gryllus species based on a combined data set of mitochondrial (mt) DNA is presented. A total of 26 individuals representing 13 populations of 11 species of the genus Gryllus and 4 individuals of two out-group species, Teleogryllus oceanicus and Acheta domestica, were sampled in this study. The complete cytochrome b gene (1036 bp) and a 500-bp fragment of the 16S rRNA gene were sequenced for each individual. Since results from separate analyses of the cytochrome b and 16S data sets, as well as a previously published mtDNA restriction-site data set, were not conflicting, all data were combined for phylogenetic analyses. The clade of European Gryllus was clearly separated from the North American clade. The amount of sequence divergence between these clades was significantly greater than within the clades, suggesting a basal drift-vicariant event in the genus. This is the first phylogenetic analysis of North American Gryllus that includes western species. Four well-supported groups were identified but their relationships showed no clear east-west structure. Our phylogeny supports the recent reassignment of G. integer Scudder 1901 from Texas to G. texensis Cade and Otte 2000. The evolution of cricket song and life cycle is discussed using the new phylogenetic framework. (C) 2000 Academic Press.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
- Molecular Biology