BACKGROUND: Excimer laser in situ keratomileusis requires a microkeratome to generate an anterior corneal flap, plus an excimer laser to ablate the underlying stromal tissue. In this paper we introduce the concepts of laser flap formation and in situ keratomileusis using a picosecond laser. METHODS: A neodymium-doped yttrium-lithium-fluoride (Nd:YLF) laser with a plano-plano quartz applanation lens was used to generate various patterns of intrastromal photodisruption in human donor eyes to fashion anterior corneal flaps and generate intrastromal lenticules. RESULTS: Smooth intrastromal dissections, 6 mm in diameter, were generated 160 μm below the corneal surface when the laser delivered pulses at 1 kHz with energies of either 40 μJ/pulse or 60 μJ/pulse, placed 20 μm apart in an expanding spiral. This enabled us to fashion anterior corneal flaps. The ease of the surgery and quality of the dissection corresponded well, and it was evident that both deteriorated noticeably when the laser pulses were separated by 25 μm or 30 μm, regardless of pulse energy. Using 40 μJ laser pulses placed 20 μm apart we also created a 5-mm diameter, 320 pm thick (130 μm - 450 μm deep) stromal lenticule below a corneal flap that was easily extracted when the flap was raised. CONCLUSIONS: Anterior corneal flaps were easily fashioned using a Nd:YLF laser. Picosecond laser in situ keratomileusis with a Nd:YLF laser could offer a favorable alternative to combined microkeratome/excimer laser in situ keratomileusis.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Refractive Surgery|
|State||Published - Sep 1996|
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