Piglet cardiopulmonary bypass induces intestinal dysbiosis and barrier dysfunction associated with systemic inflammation

Jeffrey D. Salomon, Haowen Qiu, Dan Feng, Jacob Owens, Ludmila Khailova, Suzanne Osorio Lujan, John Iguidbashian, Yashpal S. Chhonker, Daryl J. Murry, Jean-Jack M Riethoven, Merry L Lindsey, Amar B. Singh, Jesse A. Davidson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

The intestinal microbiome is essential to human health and homeostasis, and is implicated in the pathophysiology of disease, including congenital heart disease and cardiac surgery. Improving the microbiome and reducing inflammatory metabolites may reduce systemic inflammation following cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) to expedite recovery post-operatively. Limited research exists in this area and identifying animal models that can replicate changes in the human intestinal microbiome after CPB is necessary. We used a piglet model of CPB with two groups, CPB (n=5) and a control group with mechanical ventilation (n=7), to evaluate changes to the microbiome, intestinal barrier dysfunction and intestinal metabolites with inflammation after CPB. We identified significant changes to the microbiome, barrier dysfunction, intestinal short-chain fatty acids and eicosanoids, and elevated cytokines in the CPB/deep hypothermic circulatory arrest group compared to the control group at just 4 h after intervention. This piglet model of CPB replicates known human changes to intestinal flora and metabolite profiles, and can be used to evaluate gut interventions aimed at reducing downstream inflammation after cardiac surgery with CPB.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalDisease models & mechanisms
Volume16
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2023

Keywords

  • Barrier dysfunction
  • Congenital heart disease
  • Inflammation
  • Microbiome
  • Short-chain fatty acid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience (miscellaneous)
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Immunology and Microbiology (miscellaneous)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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