Renin gene expression is limited to a number of specific tissues, including the kidney, adrenal glands, reproductive organs (of particular relevance to this study, the placenta), and the pituitary gland. In the present study, we investigated the human renin (hRen) 5'-flanking DNA sequences required to drive the expression of a luciferase reporter gene in placental and pituitary cells and in two cell lines, 293 and JEG-3, which have been proposed as model systems with which to study transcriptional regulation of renin genes. The activities of specific sequences in the hRen 5'-flanking DNA sequences in human placental cell primary cultures were very similar to those that we previously reported in pituitary cells, suggesting the involvement of common promoter elements and related transcription factors. Accordingly, the binding site for the pituitary-specific transcription factor (Pit-1) was the major determinant of renin promoter activity in both pituitary and placental cells. Gel mobility shift analysis showed a placental nuclear factor with a gel mobility different from that of Pit-1. However, Northern blot analysis failed to demonstrate abundant Pit-1- related mRNAs in renin-expressing cultures of chorionic and decidual cells, suggesting that the placental factor is not closely related to Pit-1. Although a factor from 293 cells also bound to the Pit-1 site, it had gel mobility shift characteristics different from Pit-1 and the placental factor. Moreover, the low promoter activity in 293 cells was independent of this site or, indeed, of sequences upstream from the TATA box. In JEG-3 cells, renin 5'-flanking DNA sequences showed virtually no transcriptional activity. Taken together, these data suggest that common cis-acting sequences direct renin gene expression to pituitary and placental cells and that the activity of these sequences is dependent on the presence of transcription factors specific to these cells. Our studies also indicate that 293 and JEG-3 cell lines may not be appropriate for the study of renin gene expression.
- renin gene expression
- transcription factor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine