Plasma concentrations and maternal-umbilical cord plasma ratios of the six most prevalent carotenoids across five groups of birth gestational age

Chelsey McConnell, Melissa Thoene, Matthew Van Ormer, Jeremy D. Furtado, Zeljka Korade, Thiago C. Genaro-Mattos, Corrine Hanson, Ann Anderson-Berry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Carotenoids are antioxidant nutrients with the potential to provide protection against oxidative stress. Plasma carotenoid concentrations are lower in newborn infants compared to their mothers; however, limited information is available regarding how concentrations differ by gestational age. The objective of this research is to assess maternal and umbilical cord plasma carotenoid concentrations and maternal-umbilical cord plasma ratios across five groups of birth gestational age. Mother-infant dyads were enrolled at delivery for collection of maternal and umbilical cord blood. Plasma carotenoids were analyzed by HPLC and LC-MS/MS. Birth gestational age was categorized into five groups, and the Kruskal–Wallis test compared carotenoid concentrations and maternal-umbilical cord plasma ratios between these groups. A p-value of < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. 370 mother-infant dyads were included, with most infants delivered at early term (20.3%) or term (64.6%). Though maternal plasma concentrations increased with birth gestational age, we observed less variability in umbilical cord plasma concentrations, thus the maternal-umbilical cord plasma ratio also increased with birth CGA groups for lutein + zeaxanthin (p = 0.008), β-cryptoxanthin (p = 0.027), α-carotene (p = 0.030); β-carotene approached significance (p = 0.056). Additional research is needed to determine if carotenoid concentrations were physiologic to varying gestational ages or if they were impacted by factors associated with preterm birth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1409
JournalAntioxidants
Volume10
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Carotenoids
  • Maternal:cord ratio
  • Pregnancy
  • Prematurity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Physiology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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