Policy statement - Impact of music, music lyrics, and music videos on children and youth

Gilbert L. Fuld, Deborah A. Mulligan, Tanya Remer Altmann, Ari Brown, Dimitri Christakis, Kathleeen Clarke-Pearson, Benard P. Dreyer, Holly L. Falik, Kathleen G. Nelson, Gwen S. O'Keefe, Victor C. Strasburger, M. Rosario González De Rivas, Regina M. Milteer, Donald L. Shifrin, Michael Brody, Brian Wilcox, Veronica Laude Noland, Gina Ley Steiner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

55 Scopus citations


Music plays an important role in the socialization of children and adolescents. Popular music is present almost everywhere, and it is easily available through the radio, various recordings, the Internet, and new technologies, allowing adolescents to hear it in diverse settings and situations, alone or shared with friends. Parents often are unaware of the lyrics to which their children are listening because of the increasing use of downloaded music and headphones. Research on popular music has explored its effects on schoolwork, social interactions, mood and affect, and particularly behavior. The effect that popular music has on children's and adolescents' behavior and emotions is of paramount concern. Lyrics have become more explicit in their references to drugs, sex, and violence over the years, particularly in certain genres. A teenager's preference for certain types of music could be correlated or associated with certain behaviors. As with popular music, the perception and the effect of music-video messages are important, because research has reported that exposure to violence, sexual messages, sexual stereotypes, and use of substances of abuse in music videos might produce significant changes in behaviors and attitudes of young viewers. Pediatricians and parents should be aware of this information. Furthermore, with the evidence portrayed in these studies, it is essential for pediatricians and parents to take a stand regarding music lyrics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1488-1494
Number of pages7
Issue number5
StatePublished - Nov 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Adolescents
  • Lyrics
  • Music
  • Music videos
  • Violence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health


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